Wednesday, October 16, 2013

Pengertian Ibadat Qurban



Wahai anakku,
Engkau pernah bertanya erti pengorbanan. Apa erti pengorbanan sebenarnya pada seseorang manusia terutamanya di Hari Raya Adiladha?
Apakah cukup sekadar menyembelih binatang-binatang ternakan? Yang dikorbankan itu binatang, apa pula kaitannya dengan pengorbanan manusia?

Wahai anakku,
Aktiviti menyembelih haiwan al-an’am iaitu unta, lembu, kerbau, biri-biri dan kambing pada Hari Nahar atau Hari Raya Haji (10 Zulhijjah) dan pada hari-hari Tasyrik (11,12 dan 13 Zulhijjah) dinamakan Qurban atau Udhiah.
Ia sebenarnya bertujuan untuk mendekatkan diri kepada Allah. Antara salah satunya ialah untuk kamu memperingati peristiwa ketaatan Nabi Ibrahim a.s yang sanggup menyahut perintah Allah Ta'ala untuk mengorbankan anaknya Nabi Ismail a.s.

Wahai anakku,
Dalam aktiviti Qurban, kamu juga dapat menghayati nikmat bersyukur kepada Allah terhadap nikmat-nikmatnya yang melimpah-ruah. Malah, kerana banyaknya aktiviti menderma untuk golongan fakir miskin, aktiviti Qurban ini juga dapat menanamkan rasa kasih sayang antara si kaya dengan si miskin.

Wahai anak kesayanganku, fadhilat yang kamu akan dapat daripada ibadah korban amat besar. Kamu akan dapat menambah amal kebajikan:

Seperti Sabda Rasulullah s.a.w: Maksudnya: "Korban itu bagi tuannya dengan setiap bulunya adalah kebajikan".(Tirmidzi, Ibnu Majah dan al-Hakim).

Wahai anakku,
Ibadah korban ini juga engkau boleh jadikan sebagai penebus dosa sepertimana Rasulullah s.a.w pernah bersabda kepada Sayyidatina Fatimah:

"Hai Fatimah,berdirilah di sisi korbanmu dan saksikanlah ia, sesungguhnya titisan darahnya yang pertama itu pengampunan bagimu atas dosa-dosamu yang telah lalu".(al-Bazzar dan Ibnu Hibban).

Bukan itu sahaja, wahai anak kesayanganku, melalui ibadah korban ini, kamu juga boleh mendapat tempat yang mulia di sisi Allah di mana Rasulullah s.a.w pernah bersabda:

"Wahai manusia, sembelihlah korban dengan mengharapkan pahala daripada Allah dengan darahnya, bahawa sesungguhnya darah korban itu jika ia tumpah ke bumi maka ia akan mengambil tempat yang mulia di sisi Allah Azza Wajalla."


Diharap penjelasan  yang sedikit ini dapat membantumu menghayati ibadah korban.



"SELAMAT HARI RAYA AIDIL ADHA"

Alam Kubur

 Mari kita renungkan, betapa tubuh manusia yang bersemadi di dalam tanah, tanpa teman, walaupun semasa hayatnya dia dikelilingi isteri dan anak-anak serta jiran tetangga dan sahabat handai. Biar setinggi mana penghargaan dan kasih sayang mereka, namun paling akrab mereka mendampingi sekadar menghantar ke tanah perkuburan. Sebaik sahaja mayat diturunkan ke dalam liang, tanah mulai menimbus jasad yang sudah tidak bernyawa itu, akhirnya semua yang meratapi kepergiannya akan melangkah pulang dan tinggallah dia seorang diri di dalam kubur itu.
Persoalan yang timbul ialah apabila anak-anak tidak soleh, sebaliknya berakhlak buruk dan sentiasa dilanda krisis moral, tercebur dalam kegiatan mungkar serta abai terhadap suruhan agama. Pulang dari menghantar jenazah ibu atau bapanya ke kubur, sudah gaduh sesame sendiri soal harta pusaka. Setelah menerima harta pusaka yang banyak, masing-masing berfoya-foya dengan wang yang diperolehi secara mudah.


Dengan suasana begitu, apakah yang akan diperolehi oleh ibu bapa yang sudah bersemadi di dalam kubur. Sungguh malang bagi ibu bapa yang memiliki anak-anak yang tidak bermoral itu, bukan sahaja putus segala amalan dan usaha ikhtiar seorang anak Adam, tetapi telah terputus segala harapan apabila tidak memiliki tiga perkara itu.


Renunglah diri, sesungguhnya apabila kelak menjadi penghuni kubur, kita hanya bergantung kepada ganjaran pahala dari amalan yang ikhlas, tetapi juga berharap berharap rahmat dari Allah Taala, kerana segala usaha ikhtiar sudah berakhir, yang ada hanyalah tiga perkara. Jika mereka memiliki tiga perkara itu, atau sebahagian darinya, maka dapatlah dia menaruh harapan. Pertama ialah sedekah jariah, kedua ilmu yang memberi manfaat dan ketiga anak yang soleh yang sentiasa mendoakan ibu bapanya.


Apabila sudah di dalam kubur, bunga-bunga yang ditabur dan air mawar yang di siram semuanya tidak dapat menolong. Harum bunga tidak akan dihidu oleh si mati dan air yang disiram di atas pusara tidak akan menghilangkan dahaga atau mendinginkan penghuni kubur.


Yang dapat menolong ialah makhluk yang dihantar oleh Allah iaitu para malaikat. Jika Allah mengkehendaki agar dicucuri rahmat-Nya maka malaikat itu menghantarkan rahmat-Nya. Sebaliknya jika malaikat diperintahkan agar menimpakan azab kepada si mati, maka sudah pasti azablah yang diterima.


Allah swt akan membalas setimpal dengan amalan yang telah kita lakukan, “jaza-an bima kanu ya’ malun”. Jika amalan yang dilakukan berupa kebajikan, maka balasannya adalah kebaika, rahmat dan pengampunan, sebaliknya jika maksiat dan perbuatan keji yang menjadi amalan, maka balasannya setimpal dengan kejahatan yang dilakukan iaitu azab yang
amat pedih.


Rasulullah saw memberitahu, sesungguhnya kubur adalah permulaan kepada taman syurga atau kawah azab neraka. Bagi orang yang mendapat rahmat dan pengampunan Allah, iaitu mereka yang sentiasa ingat akan Allah semasa hidupnya, dengan melakukan ketaatan, maka kubur baginya adalah lorong sebuah taman yang dipenuhi kenikmatan dan kerehatan.


Tetapi bagi mereka yang melupakan Allah Taala semasa hidupnya, hingga dipenuhi kelalaian dan kemaksiatan, maka kubur baginya adalah permulaan lokap azab sebelum azab sebenar di dalam neraka. besar yang ditinggakannya, di sana para waris berhimpun sedang berbincang untuk membahagikan harta pusaka yang ditinggalkan, kekayaan miliknya yang dihimpun sekian lama, kini telah berpindah tangan.

Dia yang sedang terbujur di dalam kubur, adakah mendapat manfaat dari harta yang ditinggalkannya?



Jika dia pernah membelanjakan hartanya untuk kebajikan, membantu usaha memperjuangkan agama Islam, bersedekah jariah umpamanya berwakaf untuk pembinaan masjid dan pusat-pusat pengajian, membantu jiran tetangga yang memerlukan serta fakir miskin dan seumpamanya, mudah-mudahan semua itu merupakan simpanan tetap di dalam bank akhirat, yang InsyaAllah keuntungan simpanan tetap itu (jika ikhlas) akan mula diterima sejak saat pertama dia menjadi penghuni alam barzakh itu.


Atau bagaimana pula nasibnya jika harta itu diperolehi dengan cara yang batil, seperti menipu, rasuah, riba dan seumpamanya. Ataupun dia hanyalah seorang penghimpun harta, yang semakin asyik dengan jumlah harta yang kian bertambah. Dalam keseronokan menghimpun harta, tanpa menggunakan kekayaan yang diaugerahi Allah Taala untuk tujuan akhirat, sehingga ajal pun datang dengan tiba-tiba. Maka kubur tempat dia berada itu sama ada menjadi tempat istirehat atau tempat menerima azab, hanya Allah taala yang maha mengetahui.


Persoalan harta telah disentuh di atas, selain itu jika dia memiliki ilmu yang memberi manfaat, terutama ilmu yang mendekatkan manusia dengan Allah taala, dan telah mengajarnya kepada orang lain, ganjarannya akan terus diterima selama ilmu itu diamalkan. Dan akhirnya ialah jika dia mempunyai anak yang soleh, antara sifat anak yang soleh itu sentiasa mendoakan orang tuanya, mmaka, doa dari anak yang soleh itu menjadi saham yang akan mendatangkan faedah untuk dirinya ketika berada di dalam kubur.
SUATU ketika, Nabi Muhammad saw, datang untuk sholat. Lalu beliau melihat sekumpulan sahabat radiallahu ‘anhum (r.hum) sedang tertawa-tawa sehingga gigi mereka terlihat jelas. 

Nabi saw pun bersabda, “apabila kalian banyak mengiat maut, kalian tidak akan seperti yang kulihat saat ini. Perbanyaklah mengingat maut.

Di kubur, tiada sehari pun yang terlewati kecuali kubur berkata, ‘Aku rumah yang tak mengenal persahabatan, aku rumah kesendirian, aku rumah yang penuh tanah, aku rumah ulat-ulat.”

Dan apabila seorang mukmin diletakkan didalam kubur, kubur akan berkata, “selamat datang, bagus engkau telah datang, diantara orang-orang yang tinggal diatas bumi ini, engkaulah yang paling kusukai,”. Lalu kubur akan melebar seluas pandangan mayit, sehingga akan dibukakannya salah satu pintu surga, Lalu berhembuslah angin surga kepadanya dan akan tercium harumnya surga.

Namun jika seseorang yang berahlak buruk dimasukkan ke kubur, maka kubur akan berkata, “tiada ucapan selamat datang bagimu. Sangat buruk kedatanganmu ini. Dari semua manusia yang berada diatas bumi ini, kamulah yang paling kubenci. Sekarang kamu datang kepadaku, maka lihatlah aku memperlakukan dirimu.”

Setelah itu kubur akan merapat dan terus menghimpitnya, sehingga tulang rusuknya saling menikam satu sama lain. Kemudian datanglah tujuh puluh ekor ular untuk menyiksanya. Jika satu saja, dari bisa ular tersebut menetes ke Bumi, Maka tidak sehelai rumput pun dimuka bumi ini dapat tumbuh diatasnya. Ular-ular itu terus mamatuknya sampai hari kiamat datang.

Sabda Nabi Muhammad Saw, ” Kubur adalah taman dari taman-taman surga atau jurang dari jurang-jurangnya neraka jahannam,”. Adapun faedah yang dapat dipetik dari kisah diatas adalah bertakwalah kepada Allah SWT. Karena takwa kalian kepada Allah SWT merupakan bekal yang terpenting, sehingga Nabi Saw selalu memikirkan dan merenungkannya.

Selain itu, ingatlah mautmu, karena dengan mengingat maut maka jalan untuk lebih bertakwa kepada Allah akan lebih dekat dan sungguh sangat bermanfaat bagimu maupun bagiku. Sehingga Nabi Muhammad Saw saat menjelaskan keadaan kubur, beliau bersabda bahwa mengingat kubur itu sangat penting dan bermanfaat.


Oleh itu wahai saudara-saudariku ingatlah senatiasa akan kubur agar jiwamu berpaut pada surau dan masjid mendengar ayat-ayat Allah.......Bersedialah untuk bertemu dengan alam kematian.

Wednesday, July 17, 2013

TATABAHASA ( Kata Nama Am dan Kata Nama Khas )

TATABAHASA - PENGGOLONGAN KATA

A. KATA  NAMA  AM DAN  KATA NAMA  KHAS


Kata Nama Am 
Kata nama am ialah kata nama yang amnya digunakan untuk    menyebut dan menyatakan nama benda yang bernyawa dan tidak bernyawa.
Benda bernyawa ialah manusia, binatang dan tumbuhan.
Contoh:- 
  • manusia = ayah, perempuan, kerani, budak
  • binatang =  ayam, lembu, kambing, ikan
  • tumbuh -tumbuhan= pokok, betik, lalang, mawar
  • benda = pasir, batu, pisau, kereta, kasut
  • tempat = pejabat, pulau, sekolah, taman
Kata nama am dapat dibahagikan kepada nama yang konkrit dan abstrak. Kata nama konkrit berkaitan dengan nama sesuatu yang boleh dipegang dan dirasa atau dilihat. Manakala kata nama abstrak melibatkan sesuatu yang hanya dapat dibayangkan.
Kata nama am konkrit dan abstrak boleh terdiri daripada kata asal dan kata nama terbitan.
Kata nama am ditulis dengan huruf kecil kecuali pada awal ayat.
KATA NAMA KHAS
Kata nama khas digunakan untu menyebut nama sesuatu benda sama ada benda yang bernyawa dan tidak bernyawa.
Benda bernyawa berkaitan dengan nama manusia dan binatang. Manakala benda yang tidak bernyawa ialah tempat, judul buku, bangunan, benda dan sebagainya.
Contohnya:-
  • manusia ( nama orang) =Siti Salmah, Ahmad, Mei Ling, Subramaniam
  • binatang (nama gelaran haiwan) =Tompok, putih, Sang Bedal.
  • tempat = Melaka, Kampung Siput, Taman Melati, Jalan Pulai
  • bangunan = Pudu Raya, Masjid India, Sekolah Kebangsaan Peria.
  • judul buku = Kamus Dewan, Matahariku (novel), Keluarga (majalah)
  • benda = Proton Perdana, Pilot (pen), Seiko (jam)
Kata nama khas mestilah ditulis dengan huruf besar pada huruf pertamanya.
Latihan untuk murid tahun satu
Baca dan pilih perkataan diberi dan tulis mengikut kumpulan kata nama yang sesuai.
mata       bas      Sungai Perak     Si Putih     lima 
Proton Waja     kedai     milo    Muar      Aminah     
Kata nama am                            Kata nama khas
________________                           __________________
________________                           __________________
__________________                                        _______________________
__________________                                        _______________________
__________________                                        _______________________
Isikan tempat kosong dengan kata nama am.
kawan      ayam      pasar       bola      murid      mata
1. Roslin _____________ tahun satu.
2. Kamal dan Adi suka bermain ____________ sepak.
3. Yasmin suka makan ______________ goreng
4. Lia mengikut ibu ke _______________ malam.
5. Siti dan Ani berkawan ______________ sejak kecil.
6. Ayah membeli cermin _______________ baru.
Baca dan gariskan kata nama khas.
Encik Hamid doktor mata. Dia membuka klinik sendiri. Klinik itu terletak di bandar Puchong. Nama kliniknya ialah Klinik Mata Malik. Kliniknya dibuka setiap hari kecuali hari Ahad. Encik Malik ada dua orang pekerja. Nama pekerjanya ialah Cik Mazni dan Cik Siti.
B. Kata Ganti Nama
Kata ganti nama terdiri daripada:
  • Kata ganti diri (pertama, kedua dan ketiga)
  • Kata ganti diri singkatan.
  • kata ganti tanya
  • kata ganti tempat
  • kata ganti tak tentu
Kata ganti diri pertama
digunakan untuk menggantikan diri orang yang bercakap.
Kata ganti diri pertama dan penggunaannya:-
  • aku digunakan apabila bercakap dengan kawan biasa atau dengan tuhan.
  • saya digunakan apabila bercakap dengan seseorang yang baru dikenali atau dalam susana yang rasmi.
  • beta digunakan oleh sultan apabila bertitah kepada rakyat
  • patik digunakan oleh rakyat apabila bercakap dengan raja atau sultan.
  • kami diguna kepada diri orang yang berkata serta tenmannya apbila bercakap dengan orang kedua.
  • kita digunakan kepada diri sendiri dan menyertakan diri orang kedua.

Kata Ganti Diri Kedua.


Merujuk kepada diri orang yang bercakap dengan kita.
Kata ganti diri kedua dan penggunaannya:-
  • anda digunakan untuk diri orang kedua apabila tidak berhadapan dengan kita.
  • awak digunakan untuk diri orang kedua yang rapat hubungannya  dengan kita.
  • engkau digunakan untuk diri orang kedua yang rapat hubungannya dengan kita dan dengan Tuhan.
  • tuanku digunakan apabila bercakap dengan sultan atau raja.
  • kamu digunakan untuk diri orang kedua yang rapat hubungannya dengan kita.

Kata Ganti Diri Ketiga

digunakan untuk merujuk kepada diri orang ketiga ketika bercakap.
Kata Ganti Diri Ketiga dan penggunaannya:-
  • baginda digunakan untuk raja dan sultan.
  • beliau digunakan untuk orang yang kita hormati, misalnya ibu, bapa,guru dan pemimpin.
  • dia dan ia digunakan untuk orang yang umum seperti orang biasa dan rakan.
  • mereka digunakan untuk orang yang bilangannya lebih daripada seorang.

Latihan

Lengkapkan ayat dengan kata ganti nama diri yang sesuai.

dia          kami          saya         mereka         kita

1. Cikgu memarahi__________ kerana bermain semasa
    belajar.

2. ________ menangis kerana duitnya hilang.

3. Ini kucing_________. Namanya comot.

4. Zeti, Aida dan Nisa pergi ke sekolah. __________ berjalan
    kaki.

5. ________ dikehendaki menghormati Jalur Gemilang.

Monday, February 25, 2013

Jalan Menuju Ke Syurga

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم إخوانى وأخواتي حتما إن الطريق الى الجنة يتطلب منا العمل والمثابرة والاجتهاد في حسن طاعة الله عز وجل حاله حال أي تفوّق دراسي أو غيره ليجازى به الجنة فمعاً دعونا نتمعن في الطرق التي توصلنا الى الجنة بإذن الله تعالى 1 - (( من لقي الله لا يشرك به شيئاً دخل الجنة )) [ البخاري ] Sesiapa bertemu dengan Allah tanpa syirik dengan sesuatu, masuk syurga.. 2 - (( من آمن بالله وبرسوله ، وأقام الصلاة ، وصام رمضان ، كان حقاً على الله أن يدخله الجنة )) [ البخاري] Sesiapa beriman kepada Allah SWT, RasulNya, menunaikan solat dan berpuasa pada bulan Ramadhan, maka dia berhak memasuki syurga. 3- ((من بنى مسجداً يبتغي به وجه الله بنى الله له مثله في الجنة )) [ البخاري ] Sesiapa membina masjid kerana mengharapkan keredhaan Allah SWT, Allah membina sebuah mahligai yang sama nilai dengan masjid didalam syurga kelak. 4- (( من صلى البردين دخل الجنة )) [ البخاري ] Sesiapa solat Subuh dan Isyak, masuk syurga. 5- (( من غدا إلى المسجد وراح أعدَّ الله له نزله من الجنة كلما غدا أو راح )) [ البخاري ] Sesiapa berulang-alik pagi dan petang ke masjid dia kan mendiami syurga. 6- (( من يضمن لي ما بين لحييه وما بين رجليه أضمن له الجنة )) [البخاري] Sesiapa dapat menjaga mulut dan kemaluannya pasti dapat memasuki syurga. 7- (( من صلى اثنتي عشرة ركعة في يوم وليلة بُني له بهن بيت في الجنة )) [ مسلم ] Sesiapa menunaikan solat sunat 12 rakaat malam dan siang pasti memasuki syurga. 8- (( من سلك طريقاً يلتمس فيه علماً سهّل الله له به طريقاً إلى الجنة )) [ مسلم ] Sesiapa berjalan dengan tujuan menuntut ilmu Allah SWT memudahkan baginya laluan ke Syurga. 9- (( من قال مثل ما يقول المؤذن من قلبه دخل الجنة )) [ أبو داود ] Sesiapa menjawab azan dengan sempurna pasti masuk syurga. 10- (( ما من أحد يتوضأ فيحسن الوضوء ويصلي ركعتين يقبل بقلبه ووجهه عليهما إلا وجبت له الجنة )) [ أبو داود ] Sesiapa berwuduk dengan sempurna dan melaksanakan solat sunat wuduk 2 rakaat, pasti masuk syurga. 11- (( من قال رضيت بالله رباً ، وبالإسلام ديناً ، وبمحمد صلى الله عليه وسلم نبياًّ وجبت له الجنة )) [ أبو داود ] Sesiapa meredhai Allah SWT sebagi Tuhannya, Islam sebagai agamanya dan Nabi Muhammad sebagai nabinya pasti masuk syurga. 12- (( من كان آخر كلامه لا إله إلا الله دخل الجنة )) [ أبو داود ] Sesiapa mengakhiri hidupnya denga kalimah di atas pasti masuk Syurga. 13- (( من قال سبحان الله العظيم وبحمده غرست له نخلة في الجنة [ الترمذي ] Sesiapa membaca doa diatas dia akan memetik tamar di dalam syurga. 14- (( من مات وهو بريء من ثلاث : الكبر ، والغلول ، والدّين دخل الجنة )) [ الترمذي ] Sesiapa mati dan tidak memilki sfat takabbur, melakukan perkara sia-sia dan tidak memilki hutang maka masuk syurga. 15- (( اللهم أنت ربي لا إله إلا أنت ، أعوذ بك من شر ما صنعت ، أبوء لك بنعمتك عليَّ وأبوء لك بذنبي فاغفر لي ، فإنه لا يغفر الذنوب إلا أنت . من قالها من النهار موقناً بها فمات من يومه قبل أن يمسي فهو من أهل الجنة ، ومن قالها من الليل وهو موقن بها فمات قبل أن يصبح فهو من أهل الجنة )) [ البخاري ] Sesiapa berdoa dengan doa di atas pada siang hari lalu dia meninggal di malam hari, maka masuk Syurga serta menjadi ahli syurga dan begitulah disebaliknya. 16- (( من أذن اثني عشرة سنه وجبت له الجنة )) [ ابن ماجة ] Sesiapa melaungkan azan selama 12 tahun, pasti dia dapat memasuki Syurga. 17- (( من سأل الله الجنة ثلاث مرات قالت الجنة : اللهم أدخله الجنة )) [ الترمذي ] Sesiapa berdoa memohon syurga sebanyak 3 kali dengan lafaz di atas pasti masuk syurga. 18- (( من عاد مريضاً أو زار أخاً له في الله ناداه مناد أن طبت وطاب ممشاك ، وتبوأت من الجنة منزلاً )) [ الترمذي ] sesiapa menziarahi pesakit, samada suadaranya, Allah kan menyuruh malaikat mendoakan kebaikan sepanjang perjalanan pergi dan balik dari rumah pesakit yang diziarahinya. pasti dia memasuki Syurga. 19- (( إن الصدق يهدي إلى البر وإن البر يهدي إلى الجنة )) [ البخاري ] Bersedekah membawa kepada kebaikan, setiap kebaikan pasti memperolehi Syurga. 20- (( تكفل الله لمن جاهد في سبيله لا يخرجه إلا الجهاد في سبيله وتصديق كلماته بأن يدخله الجنة )) [ البخاري ] Membenarkan agama Allah dan berjihad Di jalan Allah pasti masuk syurga. 21- (( أيها الناس ، أفشوا السلام ، وأطعموا الطعام ، وصلوا والناس نيام ، تدخلوا الجنة بسلام )) [ الترمذي ] Menyebarkan keamanan, memberi makan kepada orang ramai, menghubung silaturrahim pasti masuk Syurga. 22- (( العمرة إلى العمرة كفارة لما بينهما ، والحج المبرور ليس له جزاء إلا الجنة )) [ البخاري ] Mereka yang berjaya mendapatkan haji mabrur dan menjaga dari sebarang dosa diantara dua umrah. 23- (( إن لله تسعة وتسعين اسماً مائة إلا واحداً ، من أحصاها دخل الجنة )) [ البخاري ] Sesiapa menghafaz 99 nama Allah SWT, masuk Syurga. 24- (( لقد رأيت رجلاً يتقلب في الجنة في شجرة قطعها من ظهر الطريق كانت تؤذي الناس )) [ مسلم ] Membuang kayu yang menghalang laluan orang ramai, atau yang menyakiti orang ramai. 25- ((من عال جاريتين دخلت أنا وهو الجنة )) Sesiapa membebaskan dua orang hamba jariah. Aku dan dia bersama dalam syurga.

Saturday, February 23, 2013

Rukun Iman

RUKUN IMAN ADA ENAM PERKARA : 1 ) BERIMAN KEPADA ALLAH SWT Beriman kepada Allah s.w.t merupakan Rukun Iman yang pertama, yang menjadi dasar keimanan seseorang itu. Beriman kepada Allah s.w.t bererti wajib mempercayai Allah s.w.t itu ada, Ia Maha Berkuasa, Maha Mencipat dan Maha Mengetahui segala apa yang ada di langit, di udara, di muka bumi dan juga di lautan. Dia adalah Maha Esa, yakni tunggal dan tidak menyerupai dan tidak diserupai oleh sesuatu. Seperti firman-Nya yang bermaksud : "Katakanlah wahai Muhammad, bahawa Allah itu satu. Allah tempat segala makhluk bergantung. Allah tidak beranak dan tidak pula diperanakkan. Dan tidak sesiapapun yang setara atau seumpama dengan Allah." (Surah al-Ikhlas 1 - 4) 2) BERIMAN KEPADA MALAIKAT Beriman kepada malaikat beerti wajib bagi setiap orang Islam mengetahui bahawa malaikat adalah makhluk yang Allah s.w.t jadikan daripada cahaya dan boleh berupa berbagai bentuk, tidak bersifat seperti sifat manusia. Malaikat juga menjalankan perintah Allah s.w.t dengan taat dan patuh. Jumlah malaikat adalah terlalu banyak dan kita sebagai umat Islam wajib mengetahui 10 daripadanya. Nama Malaikat Tugasnya Jibril Menyampaikan wahyu Raqib Mencatat amalan keburukan Atib Mencatat amalan kebaikan Izrail Mengambil nyawa Mikail Menurunkan rezeki Israfil Meniup sangkakala Mungkar Menyoal orang mati Nankir Menyoal orang mati Malik Menjaga neraka Ridzuan Menjaga syurga 3) BERIMAN KEPADA RASUL Beriman kepada Rasul dan Nabi merupakan rukun Iman yang ketiga. Bagi orang Islam wajiblah yakin dan percaya bahawa Allah s.w.t telah mengutuskan para Rasul dan Nabi kepada manusia di dunia ini bagi menunjukkan jalan ke arah kebenaran dan kebahagian di dunia dan di akhirat. Jumlah Nabi dan Rasul yang wajib diketahui adalah seramai 25 orang. 4) BERIMAN KEPADA KITAB Beriman kepada kitab Allah bererti kita wajib beriktikad dan yakin dengan sebenar-benarnya bahawa sesungguhnya Allah s.w.t mempunya beberapa kitab suci yang merupakan firman Allah s.w.t yang hakiki. Diturunkan melalui wahyu yang disampaikan melalui perantaraan malaikat Jibril a.s. Sejak Zaman Nabi Adam a.s sehinnga kepada Nabi Muhammad s.a.w, jumlah kitab suci yang diturunkan adalah sebanyak 104 iaitu 100 buah suhuf dan 4 buah kitab suci. Senarai kitab dan penerimanya : Taurat - Nabi Musa a.s Zabur - Nabi Daud a.s Injil - Nabi Isa a.s Al-Quran - Nabi Muhammad s.a.w Nabi-nabi yang menerima suhuf : Nabi Syits - 50 suhuf Nabi Idris - 30 suhuf nabi Ibrahim - 10 suhuf Nabi Musa - 10 suhuf Al-Quran merupakan penutup segala kitab. Diturunkan kepada Nabi Muhammad s.a.w. Tidak akan ada lagi kitab suci lain selepas Al-Quran. 5) BERIMAN KEPADA HARI AKHIRAT Percaya kepada hari akhirat ialah kita wajib beriktikad dan meyakini bahawa akan adanya hari akhirat atau hari kiamat (pembalasan) di mana pada hari itu semua manusia akan dibangunkan kembali di padang Mahsyar untuk menerima hukuman berdasarkan segala amal perbuatan mereka semasa mereka hidup di muka bumi Allah s.w.t ini. Tanda-tanda kecil akan kedatangan hari akhirat : Sedikit orang alim dan banyak orang jahil. Perempuan lebih ramai daripada lelaki. Urusan agama ditakbir oleh orang yang bukan ahli. pelacuran dan maksiat berlaku dengan meluas. Minum arak dan benda yang memabukkan menjadi kebanggaan. Orang miskin menjadi kaya, membina bangunan dan gedung tinggi mencakar langit. Banyak berlaku gerak gempa. Tanda-tanda besar : Keluar dajjal merosakkan agama. Keluar binatang yang dipanggil Dabbatul Ard merosakkan manusia. Keluar Yakjuj dan Makjuj. Hilangnya al-Quran dari mashafnya. Terbit matahari dari sebelah barat. 6) BERIMAN KEPADA QADA DAN QADAR Beriman kepada qada dan qadar disebut juga sebagai percaya kepada takdir. Iaitu seseorang itu mesti yakin dan percaya bahawa segala yang berlaku dalam alam ini semuanya ketentuan dan ketetapan Allah s.w.t. Erti Qadar : Ketentuan yang mesti berlaku atas tiap-tiap makhluk, sesuai denag batas-batas yang telah ditentukan oleh Allah s.w.t sejak azali lagi sama ada yang baik atau buruk. Qadar ada dua jenis iaitu : Berupa aturan atau perjalanan alam ini. Berupa untung nasib yang menimpa manusia dan makhluk lain. Erti Qada : Ialah pelaksanaan Allah s.w.t terhadap apa yang telah ditetapkan sejak azali lagi. PERKARA YANG MEMBATALKAN IMAN Mensyirikkan Allah s.w.t, iaitu menduakan Allah dengan yang lain serta bertawakkal dan bergantung kepada yang lain selain daripada Allah s.w.t seperti menyembah berhala. Menafikan segala nikmat sama ada yang nampak atau tidak nampak adalah kurnian daripada Allah s.w.t ataupun ciptaan Allah s.w.t. Melakukan perbuatan yang dilakukan dalam amalam keagamaan lain, yang bertentangan dengan ajaran Islam. Mengubah hukum Allah s.w.t iaitu, menghalalkan yang haram dan mengharamkan yang halal. Menolak atau mengubah al-Quran dan hadis. Yakni tidak mahu beiman kepada Nas al-Quran dan sunnah ataupun ingkar terhadap perintah Allah s.w.t dan menafikan kebenaran Islam.

10 Malaikat Dan Tugasnya

Rukun iman dalam agama islam ada 6 (enam). Salah satunya adalah beriman kepada malaikat. Beriman kepada malaikat artinya meyakini bahwa Allah SWT memiliki malaikat-malaikat yang diciptakanNya. Ada 10 Malaikat yang wajib diketahui, sepuluh malaikat tersebut yaitu: Malaikat Jibril Malaikat Mikail Malaikat Israfil Malaikat Izrail Malaikat Munkar Malaikat Nakir Malaikat Raqib Malaikat Atid Malaikat Malik Malaikat Ridwan Tugas-tugas dari para 10 malaikat tersebut yaitu: Malaikat Jibril bertugas menyampaikan wahyu Allah kepada para nabi dan rosul. Malaikat Jibril adalah penghubung antara Allah SWT dengan nabi dan rosul-Nya. Malaikat Mikail bertugas memberi rejeki kepada manusia Malaikat Israil bertugas meniup terompet sangkakala pada hari kiamat. Malaikat Izrail bertugas sebagai pencabut nyawa Malaikat Munkar dan Nakir bertugas menanyakan dan melakukan pemeriksaan manusia di alam kubur tentang amal perbuatan mereka saat masih hidup Malaikat Raqib bertugas mencatat segala amal baik yang dilakukan manusia Malaikat Atib bertugas mencatat segala perbuatan buruk yang dilakukan manusia. Malaikat Malik bertugas menjaga pintu neraka Malaikat Ridwan bertugas menjaga pintu surga.

Tuesday, January 29, 2013

04/10 Kuliah Jemputan Maulidur Rasul - Ustaz Azhar Idrus 2008

Memahami Erti Maulidur Rasul Sebenar.

SAMBUTAN MAULIDUR RASUL PERINGKAT TERENGGANU 2013

Apakah Maknanya Maulidur Rasul(dalam bahasa Arab bermaksud kelahiran Rasul) adalah hari bersejarah keputeraan Nabi Muhammad. Hari ini jatuh pada hari ke-12 bulan Rabiul Awal sempena kelahiran Nabi yang jatuh pada pada Isnin ( Dari hadith riwayat Muslim, 8/25 ) 12 Rabiul Awal Tahun Gajah bersamaan dengan 23 April 571. Baginda adalah nabi terakhir yang diutus oleh Allah Subhanahu Wataala. Tapak kelahiran baginda pula kini mempunyai satu bangunan kecil yang dikenali sebagai Maulid Nabi. Setiap tahun pada hari itu, umat Islam di seluruh dunia akan mengadakan majlis memperingati keputeraan Nabi Muhammad s.a.w dengan mengadakan beberapa acara seperti perarakan, ceramah dan sebagainya. Banyak kelebihan dan keistimewaan yang akan dikurniakan oleh Allah Subhanahu Wataala kepada mereka yang dapat mengadakan atau menghadiri majlis Maulidur Rasul. Kita dapat lihat betapa besarnya kelebihan orang yang memuliakan majlis keputeraan Nabi Muhammad Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam, kerana bila berniat sahaja hendak mengadakan Maulud Nabi, sudah pun dikira mendapat pahala dan dimuliakan. Sememangnya bernazar untuk melakukan sesuatu yang baik merupakan doa dan dikira amal salih. Jelas kepada kita bahawa pembalasan Allah Subhanahu Wataala terhadap kebaikan begitu cepat sehinggakan terdetik sahaja di hati hendak berbuat kebaikan, sudah Allah Subhanahu Wataala akan memberi pembalasan yang tiada ternilai. Seseorang yang beriman, kuat bersandar kepada Allah, ketika di dalam kesusahan dia tetap tenang dan hatinya hanya mengadu kepada Allah dan mengharapkan pertolongan dan kasih sayang Allah Subhanahu Wataala. Keberkatan mengadakan Majlis Maulud itu bukan sahaja didapati oleh orang yang mengadakan majlis itu, tetapi seluruh ahli rumah atau orang yang tinggal di tempat itu turut mendapat keberkatannya. Maulidur Rasul (Arab: kelahiran Rasul) adalah hari bersejarah keputeraan Nabi Muhammad. Hari ini jatuh pada hari ke-12 bulan Rabiul Awal sempena kelahiran Nabi yang jatuh pada pada Isnin (Dari hadith riwayat Muslim, 8/25), 12 Rabiul Awal Tahun Gajah bersamaan dengan 23 April 571. Baginda adalah nabi terakhir yang diutus oleh Allah Subhanahu Wataala. Tapak kelahiran baginda pula kini mempunyai satu bangunan kecil yang dikenali sebagai Maulid Nabi. Setiap tahun pada hari itu, umat Islam di seluruh dunia akan mengadakan majlis memperingati keputeraan Nabi Muhammad s.a.w dengan mengadakan beberapa acara seperti perarakan, ceramah dan sebagainya. Banyak kelebihan dan keistimewaan yang akan dikurniakan oleh Allah Subhanahu Wataala kepada mereka yang dapat mengadakan atau menghadiri majlis Maulidur Rasul. Kita dapat lihat betapa besarnya kelebihan orang yang memuliakan majlis keputeraan Nabi Muhammad Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam, kerana bila berniat sahaja hendak mengadakan Maulud Nabi, sudah pun dikira mendapat pahala dan dimuliakan. Sememangnya bernazar untuk melakukan sesuatu yang baik merupakan doa dan dikira amal soleh. Jelas kepada kita bahawa pembalasan Allah Subhanahu Wataala terhadap kebaikan begitu cepat sehinggakan terdetik sahaja di hati hendak berbuat kebaikan, sudah Allah SWT akan memberi pembalasan yang tiada ternilai. Seseorang yang beriman, kuat bersandar kepada Allah, ketika di dalam kesusahan dia tetap tenang dan hatinya hanya mengadu kepada Allah dan mengharapkan pertolongan dan kasih sayang Allah Subhanahu Wataala. Keberkatan mengadakan Majlis Maulud itu bukan sahaja didapati oleh orang yang mengadakan majlis itu, tetapi seluruh ahli rumah atau orang yang tinggal di tempat itu turut mendapat keberkatannya. Islam mempunyai pandangannya yang tersendiri tentang perjuangan dan mencari erti kemenangan. Dalam al-Qur'an, Allah SWT menggunakan beberapa istilah kemenangan iaitu al-falah, al- fawz, al-nasru dan al-fath. Masing-masing mempunyai pengertian yang berbeza dalam merungkai erti kemenangan. Kemenangan dengan istilah al-falah melambangkan kemenangan yang umum dan menyeluruh meliputi segala aspek individu, masyarakat umum, dunia dan akhirat. Kemenangan al-fawz pula digunakan secara lebih khusus kepada kemenangan atau kejayaan di akhirat. Manakala kemenangan al-nasr pula adalah kemenangan dalam jihad kerana membela agama Allah ke atas musuh-musuhNya. Kemenangan di dunia disebut juga al-fath. Istilah al-fath digunakan oleh al-Quran dalam banyak ayat yang menyentuh tentang kemenangan besar. Contohnya, Allah SWT berfirman dalam Surah al-Fath ayat 1: "Sesungguhnya Kami telah memberi kemenangan kepadamu (wahai Muhammad) dengan kemenangan yang nyata". Kemenangan di akhirat disebut sebagai al-fawz adalah kemenangan yang sebenar. Walaupun pejuang-pejuang Islam itu kalah atau gugur di medan peperangan atau sebarang medan perjuangan lain, namun pada hakikatnya mereka telah beroleh kemenangan. Kemenangan inilah yang menjadi matlamat sebenar di dalam perjuangan Islam Kesimpulan, walaupun sudah berabad lamanya baginda meninggalkan kita, namun risalah yang dibawanya baginda akan sentiasa diikuti oleh umatnya yang taat. Sesungguhnya Allah akan sentiasa mengangkat sekelompok manusia beriman yang akan memperjuangkan segala ajarannya mengikut petunjuk al-Quran dan sunahnya. Beruntunglah kita yang menjadi pengikutnya kerana baginda adalah nabi yang sangat dicintai Allah. Ketinggian darjatnya meletakkan baginda adalah nabi yang diberi hak untuk memberi ‘safaat’ kepada umatnya di Yaumul Hisab nanti.

Tuesday, January 15, 2013

Bahasa Melayu "Latihan Mencari Nilai Murni"

Latihan Nilai Murni Nyatakan nilai murni yang terdapat dalam pernyataan di bawah. Contoh : Sudir suka bergaul dengan jirannya. Nilai Murni : semangat kejiranan Contoh Nilai Murni Guru itu menghukum semua murid yang telah membuat salah. Anis memberikan susu kepada anak kucing yang dijumpainya. Azizah menyelamatkan seekor kuching yang terjatuh di dalam longkang. Dheva kasihan melihat peminta sedekah itu lalu menghulurkan wang sebanyak RM2.00. Semua penduduk kampung bergotong-royong untuk memerangi penyakit denggi dari merebak. Budak itu membuat kerja rumah sendiri, tanpa suruhan ibu. Budak yang berumur 4 tahun itu boleh menukar baju and seluar sendiri. Abu akan memastikan dia akan sampai he sekolah sebelum loceng berbunyi. Johan beratur ketika membeli ticket wayang bersama dengan kawannya. Bila Joshua berbasikal ke sekolah, dia mengelakkan lorong-lorong kecil yang sunyi. Halina membawa bekalan nasi lemak ke sekolah. Kumar menyimpan wang sakunya di dalam tabung. Rena menyimpan wang saku yang dikumpulnya di bank. Sikap boros ketika berbelanja perlu dielakkan ketika berbelanja. Ravi mengucapkan terima kasih kepada pemandu bas sebelum turun dari bas itu. Lee Chong Wei tidak berputus asa tetapi berlatih dengan lebih gigih apabila kalah dalam pertandingan badminton itu. Amir mendeklamasikan sajak “Merdeka” dengan penuh semangat. Negara kita telah merdeka pada 31 Ogos 1957. Semua murid berdiri tegak ketika lagu Negaraku dinyanyikan. William suka membaca buku untuk meluaskan pengetahuannya. Kim Seng mendengar nasihat ibu bapanya. Omari sentiasa mengingati pesanan ibunya agar tidak bermain di tepi jalan raya. Pemuda itu terjun ke dalam sungai untuk menyelamat budak yang terjatuh ke dalam sungai itu. Suria mencuci basikalnya yang kotor. Ah Chong bercakap benar mengatakan bukan dia mengambil wang itu. Dia memulangkan wang yang dijumpainya kepada guru yang bertugas. Alia membuat ulang kaji pelajaran di perpustakaan sekolah. Amirul akan menyiapkan kerja sekolahnya selepas makan tengah hari. Mereka membaca buku di perpustakaan. Semua murid-murid berdiri tegak ketika menyambut ketibaan pemimpin Negara ke sekolah. Tolong senyap sewaktu berada di dalam kelas. Sami membuang sampah ke dalam tong sampah. Fatimah sentiasa mengamalkan makan makanan yang berkhasiat and seimbang. Sara suka makan makanan yang berkhasiat. Kes penderaan kanak-kanak kian merunsingkan masyarakat Malaysia pada hari ini. ’Ibrahim,ambillah wang ini buat belanja’,kata Ah Chong apabila melihat Ibrahim tidak makan apa-apa semasa rehat kerana tidak membawa wang saku. Winnie membetulkan kesilapan kawannya. Tina tidak marah walaupun kawannya datang lewat ke majlis perkahwinannya. Penduduk Kampung Sungai Kertas bergotong-royong membersihkan kawasan masjid. Puan Siti memberi sepiring kuih karipap kepada jirannya. Ali berkawan tanpa mengira bangsa dan agama. Jawapan : Contoh Nilai Murni Guru itu menghukum semua murid yang telah membuat salah. adil / saksama Anis memberikan susu kepada anak kucing yang dijumpainya. baik hati Azizah menyelamatkan seekor kuching yang terjatuh di dalam longkang. baik hati Dheva kasihan melihat peminta sedekah itu lalu menghulurkan wang sebanyak RM2.00. baik hati Semua penduduk kampung bergotong-royong untuk memerangi penyakit denggi dari merebak. bekerjasama / bergotong-royong Budak itu membuat kerja rumah sendiri, tanpa suruhan ibu. berdikari Budak yang berumur 4 tahun itu boleh menukar baju and seluar sendiri. berdikari Abu akan memastikan dia akan sampai he sekolah sebelum loceng berbunyi. berdisiplin / bertatatertib Johan beratur ketika membeli ticket wayang bersama dengan kawannya. berdisiplin / bertatatertib Bila Joshua berbasikal ke sekolah, dia mengelakkan lorong-lorong kecil yang sunyi. berhati-hati / berwaspada / cermat Halina membawa bekalan nasi lemak ke sekolah. berjimat-cermat Kumar menyimpan wang sakunya di dalam tabung. berjimat-cermat Rena menyimpan wang saku yang dikumpulnya di bank. berjimat-cermat Sikap boros ketika berbelanja perlu dielakkan ketika berbelanja. berjimat-cermat Ravi mengucapkan terima kasih kepada pemandu bas sebelum turun dari bas itu. bersopan / beradab / berbudi bahasa Lee Chong Wei tidak berputus asa tetapi berlatih dengan lebih gigih apabila kalah dalam pertandingan badminton itu. cekal / keazaman / berazam Amir mendeklamasikan sajak “Merdeka” dengan penuh semangat. cinta akan negara / semangat patriotik Negara kita telah merdeka pada 31 Ogos 1957. cinta akan negara / semangat patriotik Semua murid berdiri tegak ketika lagu Negaraku dinyanyikan. cinta akan negara / semangat patriotik William suka membaca buku untuk meluaskan pengetahuannya. cinta ilmu Kim Seng mendengar nasihat ibu bapanya. hormat, taat Omari sentiasa mengingati pesanan ibunya agar tidak bermain di tepi jalan raya. patuh Pemuda itu terjun ke dalam sungai untuk menyelamat budak yang terjatuh ke dalam sungai itu. keberanian / berani Suria mencuci basikalnya yang kotor. Kebersihan Ah Chong bercakap benar mengatakan bukan dia mengambil wang itu. kejujuran / jujur Dia memulangkan wang yang dijumpainya kepada guru yang bertugas. kejujuran / jujur Alia membuat ulang kaji pelajaran di perpustakaan sekolah. kerajinan / rajin / ringan tulang Amirul akan menyiapkan kerja sekolahnya selepas makan tengah hari. kerajinan / rajin / ringan tulang Mereka membaca buku di perpustakaan. kerajinan / rajin / ringan tulang Semua murid-murid berdiri tegak ketika menyambut ketibaan pemimpin Negara ke sekolah. menghormati Tolong senyap sewaktu berada di dalam kelas. patuh, menghormati guru Sami membuang sampah ke dalam tong sampah. menjaga kebersihan persekitaran Fatimah sentiasa mengamalkan makan makanan yang berkhasiat and seimbang. menjaga kesihatan Sara suka makan makanan yang berkhasiat. menjaga kesihatan Kes penderaan kanak-kanak kian merunsingkan masyarakat Malaysia pada hari ini. peka kepada isu-isu sosial ’Ibrahim,ambillah wang ini buat belanja’,kata Ah Chong apabila melihat Ibrahim tidak makan apa-apa semasa rehat kerana tidak membawa wang saku. prihatin Winnie membetulkan kesilapan kawannya. prihatin Tina tidak marah walaupun kawannya datang lewat ke majlis perkahwinannya. sabar Penduduk Kampung Sungai Kertas bergotong-royong membersihkan kawasan masjid. semangat kejiranan Puan Siti memberi sepiring kuih karipap kepada jirannya. semangat kejiranan Ali berkawan tanpa mengira bangsa dan agama. toleransi / bertolak ansur

Tuesday, December 25, 2012

Losong New staff for 2013. Cooperation between the old and new teachers are expected to improve school performance. Determination of teachers, administrators and other school personnel in carrying out their responsibilities and their duties with utmost sincerity to improve school performance.

Sunday, September 30, 2012

BENEFIT OF BEKAM

1.Help get rid of headaches and migraines. 2. Helps remove body wind, relieve respiratory and launched the excretory system. 3. Helps break down fat, sweat and relieve fever, stiff muscles to help restore the neck, shoulder, hip and leg joints veins. 4. Helps prevent numb legs and help reduce the risk of stroke. 5.Removing toxic blood and blood circulation is not smooth. 6.Helps relieve body. Dirty blood collected under the skin's surface causing a feeling of heaviness and laziness. 7. Helps sharpen vision. Blood flow to the eye is not so smooth cause blurred vision. 8. Removal of toxic blood for overall health. 9. Removing the element of spirit interference through the blood stream.

Sunday, September 9, 2012

https://docs.google.com/spreadsheet/viewform?formkey=dFN5MlBYUjBLeTM0UXprVElNaFA1WGc6MQ#gid=0

Sunday, August 26, 2012

Salam Aidil Fitri



Selamat Hari Raya Aidil Fitri. Alhamdulillah kita masih lagi diberikan kesempatan oleh Allah untuk merasakan hari raya pada tahun ini. Mudah-mudahan hari raya pada tahun ini dapat kita rayakan mengikut panduan dan Sunnah daripada Nabi kita Muhammad s.a.w Janganlah jadikan hari raya sebagai pesta makan minum, pesta langsir, pesta memperagakan fesyen pakaian dan yang paling malang sekali iaitu pesta maksiat yang dipenuhi dengan program hiburan dan tari menari tanpa mempedulikan halal dan haram. Wanita dan lelaki bercampur gaul,bersalam-salaman dan berpeluk-pelukan. Apakah ini Hari Raya Aidil Fitri yang diajar oleh Islam. Semua itu adalah musibah yang akan mengundang kemurkaan Allah s.w.t Sedarlah dan bertaubatlah sebelum jasad dimasukkan ke dalam liang lahad. Hari Raya Aidil Fitri ialah hari untuk kita bermaaf-maafan,kunjung mengunjung dan ziarah-menziarahi untuk mengeratkan silaturahim. Mudah-mudahan umat islam di seluruh dunia terus bersatu di bawah satu syariat iaitu syariat Islam dan hukum Allah s.w.t. Jadikanlah hari raya sebagai kesinambungan untuk kita terus melakukan amalan-amalan yang diredhai Allah sebagaimana yang kita lakukan pada bulan ramadhan. Kalau bulan Ramadhan kita banyak membaca Al-Quran maka teruskanlah amalan itu. Kalau pada Bulan Ramadan kita banyak bertahajud maka perbanyakkanlah amalan itu pada bulan-bulan seterusnya. kalau pada Bulan Ramadhan kita banyak bersedekah maka lipat gandakanlah amalan itu, mudah-mudahan harta kita mendapat keberkatan dan dijauhkan dari sifat bakhil dan kedekut. Kalau pada bulan puasa kita kurang mengata orang dan yang sewaktu dengannya maka pada bulan-bulan yang seterusnya hentikan terus perbuatan tersebut, mudah-mudahan kita bebas dari bakaran dan azab api neraka Allah s.w.t. Teruskanlah amalan berpuasa pada bulan-bulan mendatang dengan puasa-puasa sunat yang lain seperti puasa sunat enam hari, Bulan Syawal dan puasa sunat Isnin dan khamis. Mudah-mudahan kita dijauhkan dari sifat sombong dan takabur.

Zakat Fitra




Jangan lupa untuk tunaikan zakat fitra kerana ianya sudah menjadi kewajipan dan tanggungjawab kita sebagai orang Islam. Disamping itu, jangan lupa juga untuk membayar zakat-zakat yang lain kerana ianya pembersih harta dan jiwa manusia. Apa lagi kita yang bergelar sebagai orang Islam.

Sunday, July 22, 2012

Pysical Education Year Two







Physical Education Year Two . Pupils are doing Pysicomotor. This activity aims to train students to do activities that involve coordination of the hands, feet and eyes.

Semangat Ramadhan



Malam kedua terawi hari pertama puasa sembahyang kat Masjid Tok Ku. Alhamdulillah masjid penuh dengan jemaah. Diimamkan oleh imam veteren. Bacaan ayat-ayat lazim yang diulang. Inilah semangat Ramadhan. Walaupun yang tak pernah sembahyang kat masjid pun pada Bulan Puasa semuanya boleh hadir berjamaah di masjid. Mudah-mudahan semangat berjamaah seperti ini akan berterusan. Namun, disangka hujan sampai ke petang rupanya hujan sekerat hari. Lepas lapan rakaat jemaah hanyalah tinggal dua saf je....sedihnya....

Monday, July 16, 2012

Saturday, July 14, 2012



Bulan Di Siang Hari

SubbhanaAllah! Indahnya ciptaan Allah. Sesungguhnya Allah berkuasa memasukkan siang ke dalam malam dan memasukkan malam ke dalam siang. Allah menghidupkan yang mati dan mematikan yang hidup. sesungguhnya Allah berkuasa atas segala-galanya.

Friday, July 13, 2012







Majlis khatam Al-Quran sempena Hari Terbuka Institusi Al-Quran Terengganu 2012. Pelbagai aktiviti diadakan antaranya pameran,jualan, pertandingan hafazan Al-Quran dan Taranum. Semoga IQT akan terus dapat berkembang untuk melahirkan masyarakat yang celik Al-Quran.

Tuesday, July 10, 2012



Guiedance in Primary School Management

Preschool
 
Preschool (English: pre-school) is the choice of education for children before entering school. Preschool is part of Malaysia's education system. Ministry of Education Malaysia provides preschool education to enable children aged four to six years of entering school early, especially children from lower income groups.
 
Preschool Education Goals
Pre-school education aims to nurture the potential of children in all aspects of development, basic skills and develop positive attitudes as preparation for entry into primary school.
 
Concept
Preschool education is a program which provides learning experiences of children aged 4-6 years in a period of one year or more before entering Year One in school. The concept used is the "Learning While Playing" emphasizing "Thematic Learning." Learning method is the range of activities including classes, group activities and individual activities. The uniqueness of pre-school was organized by the Ministry of Education Malaysia group activities that will enhance the quality of emotional and intellectual control. Exposure to this activity is to provide a strong foundation for learning the concept of smart schools.
 
The objective
Provide learning experiences to pupils between the ages of 4 to 6 years for nurturing their potential in all aspects of development, basic skills and develop positive attitudes as preparation for entry into primary school.
 
Location
Building organized by the Ministry of Education Malaysia preschool located in primary schools.
 
Management
Each preschool class is managed by a teacher and an assistant appointed by the Ministry of Education Malaysia. Grade for preschool teachers are DG29 or DG41, while grade for pre-school assistant is N17, which is equivalent to the position of Administrative Assistant.
 
Pupil
Each class must not exceed 25 children aged 5 and / or 6 years. Eligibility to enter the pre-calculated based on family income of below RM500. However, the limit can be increased if there are vacancies.
 
Curriculum
Pre-school education curriculum carefully designed to meet the needs and capabilities of the child based on the National Education Philosophy. By 2002, all children's learning center, whether managed by the Ministry of Education and managed by the private sector must be in accordance with the syllabus prescribed and provided by the Ministry of Education Malaysia.
 
School Selection Criteria
Location remote / rural / suburban / urban areas.
Year One pupils berprasekolah not high.
The Education Ministry will receive a report showing that many First Year students in the area do not enter any pre-school.
No other nursery operators.
The ministry found in an area that has little or no kindergarten / preschool either by private parties or other statutory bodies.
Taking into Year One pupil registration for next year (> 15 persons).
Modified facility / classroom building.
If the school has additional space to accommodate pre-school room or building.
Request of the local community.
Usually the local community through the PTA to make a motion to apply for pre-school available in their area.
Student Selection Criteria
Citizen of Malaysia.
Ages 5 and 5 + years.
Each class of 25 students.
Selection priority based on income and dependents of parents / guardians.
This depends on the area. There are preschools that accept children from the wealthiest to the public after bid closed and there are more vacancies for the class. The school will try to meet the provision for 25 children for each class. When a vacancy occurs, the school will select children aged 5 years among low-income first. If there is any vacancy then received another child without the parents' ability to put conditions.
Per Capita Grant (PCG)
RM100 per pupil per year
RM100 X 25 students X 1 class
Total: RM2500 per class per year
Food Aid
RM1.50 per pupil per day
RM1.50 X 1 X 200 day students
Total: $ 300 per pupil per year
Preschool Programs The Ministry of Education Malaysia (MOE)
ICT Program Pre-School from 2002 to be given priority and be part of important elements. For each class that supplied pre-school Computer / Printer / Table / Chair / Software
(Distribution of 2 sets of computers and a printer for each class)
In addition ICT Kidsmart Early Learning Program (IBM) began in 2001. A set of computers, printers, complete with tables, chairs, and software that is distributed to selected pre-school classes. Until February 2004, MOE received 59 sets of IBM (M) Sdn Bhd.
Pre-School Pilot Program Special Education, from 2003, a total of 3 classes have been opened; (20 pupils Normal & 5 Student Learning Problems)
SK Section 20, Shah Alam, Selangor.
New White SK Land, Kuantan, Pahang.
SK Khir Johari, Kuala Lumpur, Kedah.
Next Special Education Pre-School is open from 2004. A total of 28 classes have been opened include:
Pre-School Learning Problems
Visual Preschool
Pre-Hearing
Starting from 2004, Pre-School Teachers Graduate Placement Program began to ensure the quality of preschool education in Malaysia on par with pre-school (Preschool) around the world.

Primary School Management
 
IMPLEMENTATION OF COMPULSORY EDUCATION
A. Compulsory education at primary level
Compulsory primary education is a law that requires each parent a citizen of Malaysia residing in Malaysia who have a child reaches the age of six years on the first day of the current school year, registering in primary schools and continue to be a pupil in primary schools during the period of education low.
 
Two. Duration of Compulsory Education
Compulsory education is primary education for a period of six years.
 
Three. Compulsory Education Implementation Date
Compulsory education will be implemented beginning in 2003 which covers Year 1 pupils.
 
4. Affected children
-Malaysian Children
-The children who dropped out but was not involved with the Compulsory Education shall be assisted so that they can go to school.
 
Five. A registration process for School Children in Primary Schools
Ministry of Education, State Department, District Education Office and the school made the announcement about the registration of children into primary schools in the following manner:
-Application for Placement
Parents were among the applicant is applying for placement of children studying in Year 1 at primary school near the place of residence. Application of this placement can be made on through March.
-Confirmation of placement into Year 1
Parents are advised to verify the placement into Year 1 in primary schools where children will be placed on receipt of information that will be served by the school or PPD or AGC during August. Placement of a child to a school is not necessarily the same as those applied during application placement. For reasons that are inevitable application to a school shall be rejected.
-Appeal
Parents can appeal the placement of their child's school to school or PPD or the NRD. Any decision has been made as a result of the appeal is final. Parents who have moved to a new residence shall notify the school of his new address and request to be placed in her new school in accordance with recent address.
-Registration for the First Day of School
Parents should take him to register on the first day of school to pay fees charged by schools based on the amount determined and approved by the MOE.
-Change of Registration First Day of School Before School
Parents who have pre-registered or has acknowledged receipt of placement to school but moved to a new place either in the same district or in another state shall notify the old school before applying for new registration to the school in a new residence .
 
6. Penalty
The failure of parents to ensure children under compulsory education is an offense in terms of the law. If convicted of the offense, the parents could be liable to a fine not exceeding RM5000 or to imprisonment not exceeding 6 months or both.
 
7. Inquiry
Any inquiries regarding compulsory education may be referred to a school nearby, PPD, JPN, and the School Division, MOE.
 
EARLY SCHOOL
APPLICATION FOR ADMISSION relaxation of conditions CHILD
UNDER THE AGE OF THE YEAR 1
 
A. Introduction
Means application flexibility that allows the entry of the initial conditions of children under the age of seven years in a school year must be compared. Applications will be processed and managed by the parent application submitted through the NRD. Relaxation of conditions is given to the child (citizen) who was born on the 2nd to January 15, has attended kindergarten and meet the criteria set by the interviews and tests. Applications must be submitted in the year before the actual school sessions take place. Minister of Education is the final vote to approve or not the application.
Two. Source of Power
Bulletin KP (BS / PSR) 8502/03/005 Jld.22 (10) dated March 5, 2003 and read with SPI Bil.3/2001 dated March 22, 2001, SPI Bil.14/2001 dated 27 November 2002.
Three. Criteria and Procedures / Terms
-Citizen children born on the 2nd to January 15th.
-The parent or legal guardian is a citizen of Malaysia.
-Application must be made by a parent or legal guardian based on need and not be advertised by using the form (BPSH.SPSR / PMA).
-The children are or have attended kindergarten.
-Applications must be submitted from June to August to the NRD.
-Children need to sit an interview and tests conducted by the SPC.
-Approval decision is final and no appeal.


Special Education

Development History of Special Education

Interest on Special Education in Malaysia began in the 1920s among the volunteers involved in
opening of schools for the visually impaired and hearing impaired. Report of the Cabinet Committee which reviews
Implementation of the Certificate of Education Policy 169 was the turning point that led to a
emphasis and focus more clearly on the development of special education in this Malaysia.Perakuan
says, "With the awareness that the government should be responsible for education
disabled children are certified government should take over all responsibility
The education of the organizations that operate this padamasa. Moreover, the involvement
by voluntary bodies to advance the education of disabled children should be encouraged. "

Development of Special Education by type is as follows:
Education for the Visually Impaired
1926
 
Opening of Primary Schools (SRPK) St. Nicholas by the Anglican Church in Malacca
1931
 
SRPK St. Nicholas moved to Penang
1948
 
Officiation of SRPK Princess Elizabeth with hostel facilities by the Department of Social Welfare
Opening Karachi Institute of Residential Training Center Gurney - Social Welfare Department (JKM)
1953
 
Opening of the Hope Park Institute, Agricultural Center Temerloh (JKM)
1958
 
The opening of Park Light Institute, Agricultural Centre, Sandakan (JKM)
1962
 
The merger plan for the education of blind children in primary and secondary
selected common introduced
1963
 
The merger plan for the education of blind children in primary and secondary
those chosen, introduced
1977
 
Special Teacher training beginning in the visually impaired in Teachers' Training College, Cheras
1978
 
Establishment of the Main Committee Formation Malay Braille Code to expand the system
Malay Braille Code
1983
 
Opening Residential Blind School, KLCC
Acquisition SRPK Princess Elizabeth by the Ministry of Education as a full-class school
1984
 
Establishment of the Braille Code Workshop Al-Quran and writings for the purpose of developing
Braille code system Establishment of Al-Quran Publishing and Printing Pioneer Unit Braille / myopia,
Ministry of Education to provide braille materials in particular textbooks and
Braille equipment maintenance
 

Education of the Hearing Impaired
1954
 
The opening of a special education class in Northam Road, Penang
1954
 
School opening federal Deaf Children (Primary and Secondary), Tanjong Bunga, Penang
1963
 
The opening of classes Special Education. Deaf merger by the Ministry of education in primary and selected secondary schools Special Education Initial Teacher Training College teaching Hearing Impaired Specialist, Cheras
1978
 
Introduction Methods Communication by the Ministry of Education to make Malay the Hand Code Total Communication Establishment of the Ministry of National Education
1979
 
In-Service courses for teachers who teach hearing problems in the field of Communication Whole 1984 Establishment of the National Curriculum Vocational Special Education Secondary School, Ministry of Education
1985
 
Establishment of Total Communication Coordination Working Committee, the Ministry of Education for the development of Islamic Education Code System
Establishment of the Small Working Committee Policy Code of Islam
Establishment of the Small Working Committee KBSR Policy Code Level II Bahasa Malaysia Hand Code
Establishment of Small Works Hand Code Drafting Vocational and Technical Education
1987
 
Opening of Special Education Vocational High School, Shah Alam

Mergers Programme / Inclusive
1962
 
Pereantuman and inclusive programs for students with visual impairments
started
1988
 
Initial pilot class for the students with learning disabilities
1993
 
Three (3) inclusion of students placed in Form 6 under the Methodist Secondary School (Men), Kuala
Mud
1994
 
The opening of classes inclusive program disbursed a pilot project in 14 schools throughout the country
1995
 
Learning Problems Program initiated the secondary level
 
MISSION
Develop human capital, excellent special needs based on: -

Quality education system, relevant and holistic
Personal growth potential to the optimum
Ability to compete and
Moral values ​​as a responsible citizen
Smart partnerships with various parties
 
VISION
Quality Education with Special Needs Student Excellence In line with the National Education System
 
The objective
Provide opportunities and education facilities for pupils with special needs.
Provide appropriate and relevant education to students with special needs.
Provide the opportunity to float the talent and potential of students with special needs.
Teaching and learning providing adequate and timely.
Ensure sufficient teaching staff and trained in special education.
Main Function
Ensure that all policies, programs and activities entrusted to the Special Education Division is exercised in conformity and consistent with the policies and philosophy of Special Education.
Plan, coordinate, monitor and evaluate programs and activities related to the excellence of academic programs, curriculum and special education students in personality.
Plan, manage and control resources to ensure proper management and world-class quality education.
Plans to increase innovation and creativity in the implementation of special education programs and activities.
Planning and evaluation of new institutions operating under the Special Education Division.
Providing Special Education as a benchmark for special education in the country and abroad.
Plan and establish a strong collaboration and quality with various agencies in the implementation of programs and activities of the Ministry of Education.
 
Division and Branch
The Division has four branches:
Special Education Programs Branch
Planning and Evaluation Branch
Training and Support Services Branch
Branch Management and Communication
 
Structure and Organization
Special Education Program
Human Development Sector
School Staff Management Unit
Affairs Management Unit
Management Unit Islamic and Moral Education
Management Unit Co-curriculum, Sports and Arts

Professional Development
(In-Service Training)

Introduction

Education Development Master Plan (PIPP), KPM 2006 to 2010 has suggested the quality of teachers, teaching career and focus on the welfare of teachers to ensure quality teachers to remain in the country's education system and quality remain throughout their tenure.
In-service training to improve competency Service Officer (PPP) in accordance with the Public Sector Human Resources Policy 2005 which is stated in Circular No. 6 of 2005:
Each Ministry Secretary General / Head of Department shall ensure that their members - at all stages of their courses at least seven days in a year.
To enhance the professionalism of several approaches taken by the MOE with memperkenalkann concept of in-service training to support the concept of school-based manager lets manage. Implementation of training "on-site" and "school based" has been implemented to overcome the class teacher died.
The purpose of School-Based LDP
 To expose the Latest Innovations
 Enhance Teaching Professionalism
 Increasing Knowledge and Skills
Creating Value System and Practices Established
  Uphold the Teaching Profession
Training Areas
          A. Professional Knowledge (60%)
         B. Professional skills (20%)
         C. Teaching Professional Values ​​and Practice (20%)
Recognised Activities
         Courses
Workshop
Briefing a Professional
Seminar
Input In-House
Professional Day
Definition of Book Review
"Book Review" comes from the Latin "revidere or recensere" which means to look back, consider or evaluate. Three terms lead to the same purpose of the book review. In other words, a review book or "book review" is to provide a brief description of content and assessment of strengths and weaknesses of each book to the public.
Activities involved in commenting on the book are:
Revealing the back of each book
Discuss the contents of the book
Critically analyze books
Provide an assessment of the information contained in the book
Commenting on the implications and use information.

OBJECTIVES
The objective of the implementation of training methods in place of reading books in school based INSET courses in school are to:
Cultivate a reading culture among teachers
Sharing knowledge and knowledge to be applied in Teaching and Learning (P & P)
Enhance professionalism
Expose teachers to the latest innovations in education
Enhance the professionalism of knowledge and skills continuously
Create and strengthen the values ​​and practices of professionalism among educators,
Enhance the teaching profession

COMPONENTS OF THE RECITATION
Books read must be focused on three areas, namely:
A. Practical knowledge (60%)
Education and Knowledge of Subjects
Content and Pedagogical Methods
Curriculum Management
Creativity and Innovation in Pedagogy
Two. Practical skills (20%)
Coaching
The writing is
Scientific Study and Research
Leadership
Financial Management
Strategic Management
Three. Practice Teaching Professionalism and Value (20%)
Value and Ethics
Effective Communication
Soft Skills
Teachers are required to read books from Profesionlisme Knowledge Areas, Areas of Expertise Professionalism and Field Values ​​and Practice Teaching Professionalism as appropriate as projected above. Every scholarly book must contain at least 50 pages.

Saturday, June 30, 2012




Drawings of children 9-12 years

Children at this level usually draw by maintaining certain concepts and schema changes at this stage is the image drawn in a realistic and careful with details. Images of paintings began to shrink in size and the child begins to show the critical nature of the work themselves, they begin to compare the work with the work of peers and makes them cautious and a little competitive and insisted on the quality of the works. Children are born with a nature of a dynamic and growing according to the nature of their natural growth process. Visual artworks produced
serves as a communication tool and is a reflection of children's thinking. This reflection by Koster (2001), will continue to grow with the children until they grow. Production of art works, especially by children has a different interpretation to the work produced by adults. For adults, the visual art is often associated with beauty and perfection, but for the children resulting from the works are expressions and expressive (Lowenfeld, 1975). Many researchers consider children's art work of art as a means of interesting to see how thinking and exploring feelings and to see and test the capabilities of their cognitive development. Children's art in nature
personal and distinctive. Drip-less than basic knowledge of these factors drawings produced by children important for visual arts education teachers before the children were exposed to various activities. Knowledge that covers all ages, levels of children and their capacity should be understood that teachers of visual arts education can plan activities that fit in accordance with the appropriate level.
 TEACHING INTERESTS SUBJECT TO VISUAL ARTS EDUCATION OF CHILDREN
In your opinion, is an artistic ability is a gift that was present since birth, or it can be formed and developed in the process of mental growth of an individual? Involvement of children in visual arts activities can provide the stimulus and development from various aspects. Development of children's level of creativity as well as create a sense of enhanced sensitivity of children to sekelilingnya.Secara simply teaching the importance of visual arts education to children can be seen in the following aspects:

(A) Cognitive
Visual art with a structured and planned to produce children who have the ability to solve the problem and be able to make judgments and wise decisions.
(B) Physical Aspects
Use of tools and materials in teaching and learning of art education
visual provide an effective form of exercise to the muscles of the hands (psychomotor) and hand and eye coordination.

(C) Aspects of Creativity
Training and projects that are open to help students to develop their creativity. Activities and projects in education prioritize the visual arts, compared with the end products. By the Thus, this process nurture a culture of critical thinking in solving of the problem. In addition, visual arts education activities to promote
exploration and experimentation so that the child has wide experience
in the production of works.

(D) Aspects of Perception

Through the visual arts subjects, students can enhance and sharpen use of the senses and the senses. Enhance visual arts education manufacturing concepts and knowledge about the chronology of a product that is production processes and products of art, products and objects found around the them.

(E) Social and Emotional Aspects

Visual arts education provides opportunities for students to interact and social capabilities and increase confidence. Activities visual arts education gives students the opportunity to mutual respect and be tolerant platform to foster feelings. Eye
arts education is also organized in the spirit of cooperation formed a group activity.

CHILDREN AND ART GALLERY

Have you ever watched a child scribbling walls, books or even paper? Why do children love to doodle? Are they want to communicate? Many studies carried out to identify the children. Drawing and described as a form of activity that is widely used by scientists, educators and parents to comprehend the feelings and thoughts of children. Drawing activities is an activity that helps children recognize objects other help enhance their sensitivity to the environment. The process of drawing
directed towards the observation of the objects of the senses to train children to become more sensitive and increase their perception. In addition, drawing activities also enhance other imaginative children can their emotional balance. It is used as a learning process to children through imitation activities and reduce to the environment the production of abstract symbols eventually making it a form of work that unique.

(A) Drawing as a Medium of Communication

Painting is a form of early childhood communication before they can to speak. It is used as an effective communication tool to interact. In addition, the drawing can also be used as tools to help scientists to analyze the mind and feelings of children. Producing images such as trees, human figures, painting and sculpture can give interpretations that help the psychologist to identify children who have trauma.

(B) Drawing as a way Achieve Personal Satisfaction

Generally children learn through play. For them, play activities provide satisfaction as well as providing opportunities for them to explore the environment. Drawing is an activity that could provide satisfaction to the children. Through drawing, children can express feelings and emotions as well to build muscle strength. These activities are also intuition can help sharpen its children.

(C) Drawing for Enhancing Self Mastery (Self Esteem)

Drawing and to give satisfaction to the child in the expression what is seen and then transferred back into shape and appearance of a unique image according to their level of understanding. Capable of producing the effect of painting form the personality of children. Self-concept develops as the child able to draw straight and not worry about thinking of beauty work
them. In addition, the drawing and also encourage children to talk
their work in helping them to build confidence
to speak. Through drawing, children can improve
sensory sensitivity.

 CHILD DEVELOPMENT artistic

While studying in primary school before, have you ever share drawings you create with your classmates? artistic development of children is greatly influenced by the environment and the environment they grew up. In this context, the environment plays an important role for a healthy environment helps cognitive development of children in a positive manner. The study of children's artistic development are mainly carried out to see the growth of young minds since the 19th century again. According to Light and Barnes (2003), the earliest research on the artistic development of children ever recorded was in 1887. Corrado Ricci that the Italian has produced writings in the book titled The Art of Little Children who study a number of paintings of children. In 1910, a study on child development, continued by Clara and William Stern in Germany who published a study of paintings by a young man of the children aged 4 to 7 years. In 1913 in France, Georges-Henri Luquet has issued 1.500 pieces of catalogs of paintings produced by his daughter, painted at the age of 3 to 8 years. All the research and produced publications on the early artistic development of children is still the main menjadirujukan to the study of children's artistic development at present. Artistic Development Theory by Hurwitz and Day Hurwitz and Day (2001) has formulated the development of the child artist into three main parts. These levels are known as the manipulative, symbol-making levels and pre-teens. "Stages of artistic development are useful norms that can enlighten the teacher, but hire Should not be considered as goals for education." Hurwitz and Day (2001) (A) Level of Living or the Age of Early Childhood (2-4 Years)At this stage, children have no control on the movement of the hand because of their young age, usually between the ages of two to five years. Paintings also often uncontrolled and are abundant in the walls, on tables and paper drawings using various materials and mediums such as crayons, pencils and other materials. Production work at this age is not realistic, and many use line drawings to reflect an image. At this age, children prefer to try and bereksperimentasi with various types of lines can be generated through various media.
In general there are four levels of graffiti in the graffiti manipulative uncontrolled line, scratch, line control, control the appearance of graffiti and graffiti forms. Uncontrolled graffiti lines occur because the child has no control and the line is usually quite repetitive. In the control lines are lines of graffiti produced more mature display control compared with the first stage. Meanwhile, the graffiti shows the ability to control the appearance of children who began drawing shapes and repeated according to their needs. Last but not least is the appearance of graffiti, which at this stage the children were able to identify the appearance of and the resulting appearance. At this stage paintings is more to the satisfaction and pleasure as they are given the opportunity to paint and use tools such as pen and pencil drawing. Among the important thing to note is the way a child holds tools for drawing. At this age held candy is the capacity of the manner and style that is preferred by them. Are scribbling capacity bergantungkepada ability and consistency of muscle coordination between eyes and hands. Focus images produced at this stage is that a variety of line drawings.

(B) Stage Make Music (6-9 Years)

From the graffiti painting, children began to move into the produce symbols. Symbol production stage begins at age four to children aged eight years. At this stage, children are highly influenced with his surroundings. Environment plays a big influence and drawings which are commonly produced as houses, cars, flowers, toys and so on. Imaging in the drawing figures is the dominant image. Symbols and images drawn by children is usually preceded by their own image, followed by family parents followed soon as friends. At this stage, the symbol produced by children are to be identified because the child had control in terms of balanced and orderly movement of the hand. In the early stages of image production symbolism, the images produced by the paintings of various sizes. Generally, a person who is important in the lives of these children reflected greater in size than the image of other figures. For example, the father portrayed larger than the image of other family members symbolizes power and strength that are owned by the father as head of the family. In some cases, the image of the child also has a larger size than the image of other figures. At the beginning of the first stage of this symbolism, the use of color for the image is not the main focus and not significant. At the second level, the use of color on the image began to be seen. For example, the image associated with the blue sky, yellow for the sun and the color green to represent grass or plants. In the third stage of symbolism, paintings focused on the concrete image of the image seen from the images that they know.

(C) Pre-Teens (10-13 Years)

Pre-teens said the transition from childhood into adolescence. There are attempts to draw the figure with the correct size. Figure painting began drawn with its emphasis on the actual size of the object. For example, the human figure first drawn by looking at comparable rates in the object without making increase. Drawing on this level is more rational as well as from position and size the correct figure, they also began to emphasize color right other than entering the shadow of the object so that the images produced seems realistic look. At this stage, they began using the
perspective, to differentiate between the image size in which they try to understand the concept of space the object of much smaller size compared to the closer object.

Theory of Artistic Development of Children by Lowenfeld and Britain

Lowenfeld and Britain (1982) has introduced a theory of children's artistic development covering children from 2-14 years of age. Stages of artistic development
introduced by Lowenfeld and Britain consists of five main stages scribbling stage, the preschematic, SCHEMATIC level, the dawning realism, and the Adolescent pseudonaturalistic the art.

(A) Scribbling Stage (2-4 Years)

At this stage the child produces random graffiti and not
controlled. Scribbling process causes body movements and develop
hand motor muscle coordination. When the children were able to master
hand and body movements they began to paint from the graffiti
to drawing a straight line and transverse to draw a circle.

(B) Stage Preschematic (4-7 Years)

This stage saw an increase of graffiti circles to first attempt to draw objects in their surroundings using the line. For example, parents and people close to they have a character drawn by hand and foot, and drawn as if floating and the size of the different images.

Artistic DEVELOPMENT AND DAY BY Hurwit
Living Stage (2-5 years)
Stage Make Music (6-9 years)
Pre-Teens (10-13 years)

(C) Schematic Stage (7-9 Years)
At this stage the child is less likely to draw the image of the object
than at earlier stages. Drawings are being produced according to scheme or
particular concept. A strong emphasis on how to organize the objects in
images other than the image that there are people and objects around him. As
example, children begin to make attempts to divide the space in drawing paper into two parts, air and ground plane. To view the object plane is arranged in the horizontal and the same while the object is left empty air. In addition, paintings
is spontaneous, free and large scale. Not sensitive to their own work and are not concerned with art produced by their peers and like to share.

(D) The Dawning Realism Stage or The Gang Age (9-12 Years)

At this stage, children continue to draw to retain the concept and particular schema. Changes at this stage is the painted image realistically and carefully. Images of paintings began to shrink in size and children beginnings of his own critical work. They began to compare the work with the work of peers and makes them
carefully and a little individualistic and concerned with the quality of work that
produced.

(E) Level Pseudonaturalistic or reasoning (12-14 Years)
At this stage, your child begins to be sensitive to the concept realistic in produce drawings. They emphasize the concept of rational position and size image. They prefer to draw through the concept of imitation or through objects in front of the eye compared to drawing with imagination. Drawings produced rarely shared with peers and feelings of shame and low self-esteem will arise if the paintings were not attractive.

(F) If Level Decision or Adolescent Period Art in High School (14-17 Years)

This stage is the emphasis on the production process works and the creation of art objects. This shows the maturity level in decision-making and selection of appropriate materials to produce works of art.
 
Theory of Artistic Development of Children by Georges-Henri Luquet

The theory of children's artistic development, which was introduced by Luquet (1926) beginsfrom the scratch. According to Luquet, development and children's drawing activitieschildren at this stage is more of a replication activity and interpreted in accordance withtheir graffiti style. But in short, there are three stages in the developmentartistic children who are introduced and termed by Luquet, that is at
Fortuitous imaging findings realism Realism or by accident, the second stageis Failed Realism, and the third is intellectual Realism and theend is Visual Realism.

(A) Level Fortuitous Realism

This stage is the early stages of children's drawings in which images of cuba
produced at the graffiti has been shaping the image and the object of almost
similar to real objects. What is interesting is the similarity of images which
produced was accidental.

(B) Failed Stage Realism Images obtained by chance, improved and refined for
get the actual image. Produced almost the same painting over and over again.
But efforts can not continue because the object image often changed from the original image acquired by accident earlier.

(C) intellectual level Realism
At this stage the child begins to draw on what they know and what they see. Production of children's work is in the form of paintings simpler but fairly well drawn.

(D) Level Visual Realism
The final stage saw the child's ability to paint images has the perspective and compare rates. Attempts to draw three-dimensional image on paper drawings can be seen at this stage and attempt to draw an image in three dimensions is considered a good success and achievement.

 CHILDREN'S BASIC DESIRE

When arriving at a certain age, the child will be more tend to draw on what they see from use their own imagination. Why is this happening? Every human in the world have the will, especially children. As a teacher, understand their desire to give space for us to arrange sessions learning and the approaches used in the most efficient manner.

(A) For Mobile, Successful and Recognized, Acceptable and Adorable Praise and adulation is part of the means of enhancing motivation of children. In the visual arts education activities, the production work children need to get proper credit from the teachers. Painting produced by children to be displayed on notice boards
students in the school as part of efforts to increase self-confidence students as well as a form of tribute to them in their efforts create work.

(B) To Compete, Physical Agility and Understanding

Drawing activities form the foundation for building a healthy competition
among children. Competitions such as drawing and coloring often aims to create positive competition among young children while giving them the opportunity to interact with peers. The organization of these activities provide opportunities for them to learn and new things with each other.

(C) To explore, creative achievement and Express Feelings

Drawing activities to enhance and open space towards the construction of power
creativity of children. In addition, through drawing and child is given opportunities to explore and bereksperimentasi with painting materials such as pencils, pens, pencils, colors, and so forth. The child is like to try. Feelings of wanting to do this is part of the learning process for children.

DEFINITION OF ART
What are your personal opinions about art and the scope of art? How knowledge can improve the definition of art your understanding of art? Art in the English language is known as art drawn from the Latin term ARS means the organization or to arrange. In this context, the interpretation of art is very universal, which refers to any form of structured objects in a specific order. Very broad interpretation of art is to draw the art for practitioners directing the scope of art on a more focused lens to provide an overview more specific. Art is the essence of an expression of creativity. However, the the subjective nature of art and abstract definition makes it difficult to give specific the art and concept art itself. Although it is difficult to give specific definition and the difficulty to assess the level of individual art, each artist determines own parameters of their artworks. In general, the art can be viewed as a process and a manifestation of the expression self assessment that determines the appropriate elements featured in the results art, in communicating ideas, emotions, feelings, beliefs in the form deemed the most effective. There is also the view of art as a result the application which have an element of creativity or appreciation in value, based on aesthetic value and impact
emotions. The term of art has a connotation that is very close to the capabilities and control a medium for the communication of specific purposes. Determine the meaning that we want to, medium and effective way to convey meaning is; need a good foundation in the critical evaluation.

DEVELOPMENT FEATURES

Awareness of the artistic process of cognitive development and child begins to a place among researchers, scholars, educators and psychologists in the early , 1900. As a result of studies carried out revealed that the process child development is in accordance with a certain degree. Each stage is represented by the dominant characteristics displayed over and over in the children's artwork. These levels are also associated with child's age and maturity in artistic expression always clear on
maturity of their age.

DEVELOPMENT Aesthetic

We often associate the element with the creativity and artistic aesthetics. What exactly is the aesthetic and how it differs the concept of creativity in the arts?
Aesthetic development of children is often interpreted through body language and
movement of their bodies. Children's abilities in the expression of aesthetic values
they are a form of cognitive skills that are not only important in development of the child's art, but also very important in the development thinking and their intellectuality. Aesthetic expression of very different children with normal body movements. In in daily life, we communicate in verbal and non verbal.
Non-verbal communication involves the movement of the hand, pussy face, eyes
and the movement of other parts of the body. Aesthetic movement is leading to
virtual signal. Virtual signal is a window to the internal emotional child
and also the life and thinking. Although the aesthetic development of children in total is not well sure, researchers have discovered a number of movements that become a reflection of aesthetic development of children. Aesthetic movement early childhood have directly related to their emotions as sensory reception signals
usually have direct contact with parts of the brain that stimulates
emotions. Children at the age of 2 to 4 years often produce specific signals
more mixed emotions than rational or intellectuality. Common signals such as
prostrate or ordinary movement done during worship emotional implications. When they reach the age of the third and fourth years, children become more sensitive to the dynamic movements involving balance, direction, consistency, power and intimacy. At this age, they can balance themselves well in on a small chair and maintain a consistent time to try a dance easy. They are also able to distinguish the left and the children, above and below. At the age of 6 years, children know that their movements have also psychological elements. For example, to express feelings of sadness with the face down or even produce expression was thinking by putting your hands under his chin. All This movement is their aesthetic expression and as an adult, observation of their movements will help us determine what playing in their mind and soul.

Artistic Developments

Development of various models are presented which help clarify
artistic development of children. Among the top models have been formulated
by Lowenfeld (1975), Chapman (1972). These models are generally different
but has a growth pattern more or less the same. Between equations
Evidently the transition stage of development from scribbling to representation.
Among other similarities are:

(A) socio-economic factors have a very limited influence in the early growth of children. Boys and girls available drawing the same way in the early stages of growth.

(B) drawing the child can provide more information about the development
them from the painting because it is using crayons, pencils and pens. Tools
more easily controlled by the children of the brush and colors.

(C) There is significant overlap between these stages.

Drawing the child may have elements of two stages simultaneously and not
necessarily elements of the development s